ECO Label ® are labeling systems for food and consumer products. The ECO Label is voluntary, but green labels are required by law; For example, in North America large vehicles and cars are using Energy Star. It is a form of sustainability measurement that makes it easy for consumers to take environmental concerns into account when shopping. Some labels measure pollution or energy consumption through index scores or units of measurement, while others comply with a number of applications or minimum requirements to reduce sustainability or damage to the environment. Many eco-labels are focused on minimizing the negative ecological effects of primary production or sourcing in a given sector or commodity with good practices that are captured in a sustainability standard. With a validation process, it is often called "certificate", a farm, forest, fishing, orbel.
In the last few years there have been two major trends in ecolabels space. There is an explosion in the number of different eco-labeling programs in the world and business sectors, and secondly in the proliferation of umbrella labeling programs.
Eco-labeling systems are available for both food and consumer products. Both systems were initiated by NGOs and since then the European Union has developed legislation for the implementation of eco-labeling and has also created its own eco-labels for food and one for consumer products. At least for food, the eco label is almost identical to the common NGO definition of eco-labeling rules. Label trust is a problem for consumers because manufacturers and manufacturing associations have created "rubber stamp" labels to fake their products with counterfeit eco-labels. High confidence levels can be generated when ECO Label is accepted as official certification marks [recognized by official logos or logos as 'CTM', CM or 'CertTM']. Typically, this means programs that have been approved as a Certification Mark, who is responsible for the Government Department declares that the project has a standard and confirms that they are 'Certification Authority'. The highest levels of confidence will also be a government-approved certification mark, which is also in compliance with ISO 14024-Type 1 Ecolabels, which is part of their own assessment of the ISO 14040-compliant lifecycle analysis. . Choose a product or service that is based on life cycle considerations that address a wide range of environmental criteria that are verified by a qualified organization and based on transparent standards for environmental preferability.
In the last few years there have been two major trends in ecolabels space. There is an explosion in the number of different eco-labeling programs in the world and business sectors, and secondly in the proliferation of umbrella labeling programs. The International Organization for Standardization ISO has set standards for the labeling practices in the ISO 14000 scheme. The series ISO 14020 to 14025 deals with environmental labels and declarations. ISO has proposed three categories of environmental labels according to the aspects covered and the rigor to give the seal: type I in ISO 14024; Type II in ISO 14021; and type III in ISO 14025. There is also a different category in the literature called çevresel Type I - like eden, which represents only environmental or socially focused environmental labels; These labels were initiated by independent agencies.
Ecolabeling innovation cycle
There is a close relationship between the eco-labeling process and eco-innovation, because it encourages the emergence of new green products and improves the environmental management strategy of organizations. Moreover, the eco-labeling process is a cyclical eco-innovation process in which consumers, firms, governments and institutions interact with each other, and the ultimate goal is to contribute to the development of sustainable and ecological ways of production and consumption. companies increase their sustainability by increasing the value they create and catching, governments and institutions encourage clean production and consumption. In the end, this process is embodied in products through the issuance of eco-labels, which will be shown in a visible manner in the goods and services, "he said.
The consumer's desire for sustainable consumption continues with the desire to regulate the world market for product production. The globalization of economies disturbs the control of sustainability from the traditional command and control measures applied by governments to the self-regulating new environmental policy instrument and the eco-labeling of market management.
The only eco-label that takes legal and infrastructural limitations into account is an initiative approved by the University of Wales and supported by the Embassy of the Netherlands and Orange Grove. In the long term, it is a certification program with the intention of increasing the awareness of the owner, staff, suppliers and stakeholders in order to be able to meet the costs and with the intention to motivate them for a sustainable holiday and an environmentally friendly action towards the future. minimized
Eco-labeling standardization is a new form of regulation that is voluntary by nature, but applied to the market forces of large companies to align goods and service production with stronger ecological practices. Recently, it has become a new non-state authority, both nationally and internationally. The idea of this entrepreneurship democracy is based on ISO 14000 standards' environmental quality management and ISO 9000 standards on quality production control. When an industry sector decides to receive this certificate, it must prove the documented evidence of the required documents. In terms of the ISO 14042 standard, all applicants must comply with the environmental legislation and relevant legislation; Violation of any law may result in licensing suspension.
During the UN World Summit Conference in 1992, an international consensus was established to integrate environmental problems into production procedures. This idea was to manipulate consumption patterns to ensure sustainable development. The result is as follows.
Currently in the developed world: Eco-tags and green labels have evolved to play a vital role. They provide a verifiable link between products and conscious consumer requests. This approach implements market pressure on sectors to minimize their environmental impact; This has been proven by the increase in the population of conscious consumers. Marketing strategists respond with Green Certificates and abuse, Greenwashing.
Now in the developing world: First consumers were concerned about the quality, safety and environmental sustainability of food and the demand for green food, then focused on the environmental impacts of agriculture and the globalization of food production, leading to the emergence of globally controlled foods. regimes. Consumer advocacy groups responded with a call to [Alternative Food Networks]. This gives a new dimension to consumer demands and corporate competitiveness. Australian Consumer Association CHOICE , green consumption, food production, pesticide use, organic production and genetic modification etc.
HistoryProposed International Green Label.
Green stickers on consumer goods have been evolving since the 1970s. The main drivers have been energy and fuel consumption. These stickers first appeared in large devices after meeting the requirements of government agencies in the United States and Canada. Manufacturers should also meet the minimum standards for energy use. The auto industry in North America needs to meet the minimum emission standards. This led to fuel efficiency labels placed on new cars sold. The main device manufacturers had to use standard test applications and clearly label the products. The International Organization for Standardization has developed standards for environmental labeling with the ISO 14000 family, which has pledged to support ISO's sustainable development target discussed at the United Nations Conference on Environment and Development in Rio de Janeiro (1992).
Green Labeling goes beyond traditional country borders around the world. Most of these initiatives are voluntary eco-labels, but an attempt has been made to expand the scope of Green Removal in North America to other consumer goods. Although consumers prefer labeled products, recent research shows that consumers do not fully understand their eco-labels and are not fully reliant on eco-labels, especially when learning about the negative environmental consequences of production.
Founded in 1994, the Global Ecolabelling Network (GEN) is an international non-profit network of third-party type I eco-labeling organizations focused on promoting and promoting type-I eco-labeling worldwide. GEN has members from more than 50 regions and countries, especially in Europe and Asia. The mission of GEN is to educate and encourage government, industry and consumers to recognize the unique and important value of Type 1 eco-labeling. More specifically, members of the GEN encourage the collaboration and exchange of information and eco-labeling programs, access to information on facilities' eco-labeling standards, contact with international organizations to promote eco-labeling, and to request the labeling of products by promoting sustainable public procurement. . GEN supports its members in developing environmental leadership standards and criteria.
The International Alliance for Social and Environmental Accreditation and Labeling (ISEAL), established in 2002, is a sustainability standard organization organ set up to develop and develop sustainability standards for products worldwide. Membership is open to all multi-stakeholder sustainability standards and accreditation bodies that demonstrate the ISEAL Code of Good Practice Codes and their ability to meet the requirements. Its members are primarily one-featured eco-labeling organizations and include, among others, the Alliance of the Forest Administration, the Naval Administration Council, the Fair Trade International, the Rain Forest Alliance, and the Alliance of the Water Alliance.
The objectives of the ISEAL Alliance are to improve the impact of standards, define reliability for sustainability standards, increase the intake of reliable sustainability standards and increase the effectiveness of standards, including the continuation of innovation in standards.
Programs by region
Governments of many countries have environmental protection agencies. These agencies are watchkeepers of the industry and regulate the release of chemical pollution to the environment. Some manage labeling standards; Other set minimum requirements for manufacturers.
The Energy Efficiency Office (OEE), managed by the Canadian Natural Resources Department, organizes both automobile and device manufacturers. EnerGuide label for vehicles in all new passenger cars, light commercial vehicles, vans and special purpose vehicles with a gross vehicle weight of 3855 kg (8500 lb). The label shows the city and highway fuel consumption ratings and the estimated annual fuel cost for the vehicle in question. According to the Energy Efficiency Regulation in Canada, the Federal law in Canada requires that the EnerGuide label be placed on all new electrical equipment manufactured or imported in Canada and that the label indicates the amount of electricity used by this device. This information is determined by standard test procedures. A third-party agency verifies that a device meets Canada's minimum energy performance levels.
United States of America
The Energy Star service mark is placed on energy efficient products.
All major household appliances must meet the Device Standards Program set by the US Department of Energy (DOE) in collaboration with the US Federal Trade Commission. Manufacturers must use the standardized test procedures developed by DOE to prove the energy use and efficiency of their products. The test results were printed on the yellow EnergyGuide label, which should be displayed on many devices by manufacturers. This label estimates how much energy the device uses, compares the energy use of similar products, and lists annual operating costs. Instruments that meet stringent energy efficiency criteria set by the US Environmental Protection Agency are eligible for the Blue Energy Star label. The Energy Star label is also available on energy-efficient televisions, computers, audio-visual equipment and electronics, office equipment, heating and cooling equipment, and many more. Energy Star is also available in energy efficient houses and buildings in the United States. American car manufacturers do not need to use other certified fuel economy test results and use other fuel mileage results to advertise vehicle fuel efficiency. In the state of California, green label plates for OHVs offer green labels for all new cars in 2009.
AB Ecolabel was founded in 1992 by the European Commission. AB Ecolabel helps identify products and services that have reduced environmental impacts throughout their lifecycle. The EU-recognized Ecolabel is a voluntary label that supports reliable environmental excellence. One Pan-European Type I is the official eco label. EU Ecolabel is awarded on the basis of ecological criteria agreed by experts, industry, consumer organizations and NGOs and verified by independent third parties. The implementation of the EU eco-label is set out in Regulation (EC) No 66/2010 of the European Parliament and of the Council.
The Scandinavian swan is the official eco label of the Nordic countries. A standards system uses license applications and independent validation.
In Asia, ASEAN is moving towards adopting ISO's TC 207 environmental management system. As everyone cannot easily access this information, they can contribute to verifiable resources that confirm its adoption and implementation by the member states.
In Australia and New Zealand, a number of eco labels work as separate programs, mostly operating in only one country. Global GreenTag operates as GECA in both countries, with GECNZ only operating within NZ. 3 ecolabels is ISO 14024 compliant. GreenTag is also an Australian Competition and Consumer Commission (ACCC) Certified Certification Brand.
There is an abundance of sustainable seafood eco-labels, many conservation experts think that an increasing number of labels are confusing about consumers' sustainability of seafood. Sea Products, Sea Management Council, Sea Friends, KRAV (Sweden), Naturland (Germany), Thailand Quality Shrimps, Global Aquaculture Alliance Standard for Best Aquaculture Practices, Label Rouge (France) Products Management Council (ASC) is under development. Seafood is also labeled as "organic", but USDA standards for organic seafood are still being developed.
There are a number of dolphin safety labels that claim that the tuna is caught in a way not to damage the dolphins.
More information: Sustainable seafood consultation lists and certification
ECO-Energy ECO Label ® for energy
Many consumer devices have labels that indicate whether they have energy efficiency compared to similar products. Common labels include EnergyGuide labels in North America as part of the Energy Star program, European Union energy labels, and the Energy Saving Trust Proposed logo managed by the Energy Saving Trust in the United Kingdom. These labels document how much energy a device consumes during its use; Energy input labeling documents how much energy is used for the production of the product, an additional evaluation of the entire lifetime of the product in energy use.
Carbon emission labels are an alternative methodology for certification that examines the effects on greenhouse gas emissions rather than direct energy use.
You can contact ECO Label ® for more information about ECO Label.