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Ecological agriculture


As our food and agriculture systems enter the crisis, there is a diversified search for an alternative to this crisis. Ve Organic agriculture, aray which began in Europe in the 70s and spread all over the world today, is one of those alternative searches. Based on the fabricated seeds, chemical input (fertilizers, drugs), the mass production of industrial agriculture systems based on the "organic agriculture", the period of the economy and the needs of the alternative itself could make an alternative.

Organic agriculture has become a dön certificate name üşt over time. Because, there was a mechanism that could differentiate the industrial model from the organic model. This mechanism had to build trust, on the other hand, to guarantee the organic form of agricultural production.

One of the most powerful features of capitalism is that it can transform the innovative / revolutionary initiatives that emerge within itself into an element of the market. It can be said that the organic agriculture initiative is trapped in this respect. Either the capitalist would establish himself on the basis of market principles, depending on market dynamics, or would establish a mechanism parallel to the capitalist market.

Today, bir community-supported agriculture ”models, which are formed or formed in many parts of the world, can be considered as the basis of the need to establish an alternative market. Community-supported agriculture, roughly to be summarized, is that a community supports the producers who trust it, that the farmer guarantees to buy his products, and in return he has a voice in the production of that farmer.

Organic farming, so that the two branches continued on the way. On the one hand, he was swallowed by the capitalist market. Di Organic farming certificate ası was invented. This certificate did not take the form of public oversight of farmers and a public benefit for consumers. Agricultural companies started to work as a subcontractor of organic certification. Thus, corporatization in organic agriculture has become a very basic factor.

However, the industrial agriculture model, which organic agriculture was opposed at the very beginning, was the basis of the agricultural system which we described as agribusiness - company agriculture. Therefore, organic agriculture has been transformed into industrial agriculture again through its corporation.

Meeting the mass production requirement is the basis for any agricultural system. One of the historical-social roles of farming was to nurture society. To feed the society, to embrace society, means to have society. I mean, it's not ashamed. It's something to be praised.

The data of the United Nations Agriculture and Food Organization (FAO) shows that the world is still fed by small-scale farmers. No matter how industrialized agriculture is, it is not possible for the small farmer production to be liquidated. Farmers primarily embrace living as a farmer.

The organic farming model is expressed as the most fundamental alternative to farmers. However, as I mentioned above, corporation and industrialization have swallowed one of the most fundamental branches of this agricultural model. Holding companies while fleeing companies means a very important role that the public can play. Can we demand that agricultural work and counterpart organizations, which are present in each district, supervise and disseminate organic agriculture on behalf of the public?

In addition to these problems, an industrialized organic farming brings along a more fundamental problem: industrialization should also be seen as a kind of factory and uniformity. The planting of hectares of field with a single species (monoculture), the production of the manure from the factory to the plant, the use of organic seed under the name of fabrication alan means only to retouch the chemical industrial system. Tektipçi öz, the factory stay the same. This does not produce anything other than a structure where companies make more profits.

In summary, organic farming was good, but the surroundings were poor. He no longer meets the needs. Even if a rejection of the wholesale is not realistic, it is important to distinguish the apples from the pear, say the pear. For this, we should continue to explore other alternatives and think about how organic agriculture can be different.